A small bonsai tree looks wonderful in a modern interior
Forming their own taste of home interior in search of interesting items, many come in floral departments of hypermarkets and bumping into dwarf trees for the house, defined idea to grow the same crop in instances home. However, this process has many pitfalls that stand in the way to a dream.
- The variety of the range
- growing conditions
- Specific care and specific features
- Pests and diseases
- combining plants
- Conclusions and farewell
Modern living room is decorated with bonsai on a glass coffee table
Bonsai in the interior of the loft style
Contrasting dining room with small bonsai on the table
Bonsai can even decorate the bathroom
bright fromTERM living with dwarf citrus
The variety of the range
Popular wisdom: if you want to do something nice, give a flower in a pot. And if simple flower brings positive emotions, then this tree will make them unforgettable. Make them particularly memorable allow extremely large range of products offered for sale. Dwarf trees for the house can be bought just for themselves, for example, and not as a gift. So, for sure, will not have problems with the taste preferences.
Dwarf trees grown at home, conventionally divided into several categories:
- Bred breeding dwarf breeds.
- The artificially reduced usual trees (bonsai).
Bonsai Podocarpus in a modern interior
Dwarf citrus tree in the interior of the kitchen
Bonsai with red leaves in the interior of the living room of a private house
Regarding the latter - their number is not large enough for sale. But this is not due to the shortage of quality planting material, and the complexities of their cultivation. Some instances of bonsai at his age up to several hundred years, but despite this, do not lose the miniaturization and the resulting long-term cultivation only increase its value. For example, in one instance of the collection will have to pay a few thousand USD. Such instances are displayed at exhibitions and are inherited.
Material for bonsai can be completely unremarkable varieties of trees, but to achieve mastery of cultivation of such plants would have to spend more than one year before the germ of an elm to get a unique copy. What are the fast-growing dwarf form.
Bonsai are expensive and difficult to maintain, but very beautiful
Beautiful bonsai with abundant purple color in the interior
An unusual solution for interior decoration will dwarf chilli
Ironically, the very conditions of growing dwarf crops are practically no different from the usual for other houseplants. Watering - weekly, and temperature control - the usual for apartments and houses both in summer and winter. In this case, no one is forbidden to take the summer dwarfs in shaded areas outside the rooms. They had a great feel as oriel and loggias, and on open terraces.
dwarfs canonically put one at a time by selecting them as much as possible with the overall space. They are installed on the platform, window sill or in a niche where the plant will feel comfortable. But no one stops to include fantasy and to recreate a garden in miniature Lilliputians.
Proper watering is very important for bonsai
Irrigation dwarf trees
Giving a specific appearance bonsai with scissors
Some bonsai require not only irrigation but also spraying the leaves, which gives not only enhanced nutrition and respiration plant, but also significantly improves its appearance. But pereuvlazhnyat soil is not necessary, as it will lead to adverse consequences. By the way, the soil under cultivation is used very little. If a literal translation of the term "bonsai", it would mean "grown on a platter." E. Land should be enough just to keep the dwarf and to ensure minimum power.
A related features transplant. Familiar to all transshipment does not suit them. For these houseplants it is modified and carried out infrequently (no more than once every 5 years for fast-growing species, and 10 years for a classical bonsai).
Watering dwarf trees
To grow bonsai, you need a lot of patience
Specific care and specific features
Fertilizing gives positive dynamics of growth of the plant, but in the first years of the young plant cultivation it, on the contrary, deprived of any feeding. Feeding preparations and fertilizers dwarf plants can lead to the fact that the tree will grow into a normal street, and grow it in the house or apartment is already meaningless.
Bonsai except that deprive dressings, also frequently cut off. Pruning can be described not only the leaves and young shoots, but the branch from which they grow. This is necessary to ensure that normal seedling mutated into a midget. As a result, decrease in size many times its foliage and shoots will grow sluggish enough, that would slow down the growth.
To plant growing in the right direction, it is further compressed the space available for growth. To use wire frames, which perform the same function as the frequent cutter, but apart from that also form the stem structure, in particular direction of growth of branches. This adds dwarfs individuality and creativity creates a field for bonsai master.
Formation of bonsai trunk with wire
For bonsai use quite a variety of plants, but most often it is evergreen species. It could be tropical citrus, and inherent temperate climate conifers. Accordingly, they adjusted their conditions of detention.
Tip! If you used form bonsai tree, into a state of dormancy in winter, that is common to many citrus fruits, he needs to provide a period of temperature decrease to a comfortable level (10 to 12 degrees) and a decrease watering.
Miniature bonsai on a window sill
Certain types of bonsai is so petite that can even fit on a small shelf or desktop
Pests and diseases
Formed dwarfs, unlike varieties developed by breeding, are reasonably weak immunity. This leads to the fact that plants can often get sick and suffer from pests. This makes their cultivation more difficult.
Stronger plants are considered uncharacteristic of our latitudes. Their advantage is that their preferred natural pests are not found here, and the risk of getting spoiled by the plant is reduced to a minimum. One of the most common parasites in our climate, which is still affected dwarfs are powdery and downy mildew. This fungal disease who are treated with fungicides. But it is worth noting that for houseplants unacceptable use of chemicals. They adversely affect not only the pests but also on the person. Therefore, in order to apply such biologics such as fitosporin and its analogs.
Dwarf fruit trees
With bonsai can create entire landscapes in miniature
Beautiful views of bonsai with red foliage
At the same time, some kinds of dwarfs longer suffer from other diseases. They can cause an unsuccessful transplant plants. If the damage tree roots may even lose leaves or needles, and completely wither and vanish in some cases.
So pay attention when you want to upgrade the ground, and carefully remove the plants with the container. The soil around the roots will hold a solid mass, and it is not necessary to disassemble. It is only necessary to cut the outer layer of sterile soil knife, set the plant back into the container, and fill the resulting voids new fertile soil.
Small bonsai with pink flowers in the nursery
Not every home owner will have the patience to grow a typical dwarf bonsai trees. Therefore, those who still want to decorate your window sill, balcony or simply a room a tree, do not limit yourself, because their alternatives are many - from the natural to the artificial.
Artificial dwarfs are fairly common. They do not need to be watered, but they look quite naturally thanks to high-quality simulation of live textures. Create them, too - a real art, but no such tree will not have the energy charge, which gives growing in a pot or tub seedling.
Dwarfs without problems replace the tree plants, not dwarf breeds citrus and dwarf potted conifers. Similarly kardeliny cope with the task, Dracaena and fast-growing bamboos. They will be a good competition blooming azaleas and hibiscus.
Miniature lemon on the balcony
Bright azalea complements any interior
Potted plants in a modern interior
Bonsai in the interior of a bedroom
Unlike classic dwarfs, they will make to the interior is not only an attractive fresh herbs, but also flowers and even fruit. For example, citrus fruits can simultaneously be both, which makes them simply unique.
As for other fruit plants, such as dwarf apple rocks, pears and almonds, they require special conditions of winter, but they also have another advantage. These plants are planted in containers, for the summer period may be imposed on air bath balcony or terrace. But what will be the selected tree depends purely on your preference. After all, not every plant will fit equally well into the newly created interior.
Bright and beautiful hibiscus looks good in the bedroom
The abundance of greenery in a modern interior
Dracaena in the interior
Dwarf trees for the house: the combination plant
Cultivation dwarf trees - the routine daily work, but if even grow their own bonsai tree house does not work, you can buy a ready-made, and then only to maintain the state of the plant, it is much easier. One in the interior will be enough if it is a full-fledged adult tree, not just prepared seedling. If it is very small dwarfs, they may be a few. If you follow the Eastern philosophy, it is best if they are to be an odd number in the adjacent containers, for example, three. However, an adult dwarf can be supplemented by a pair of young individuals of the same age or a different proportion to the respective sizes of the third and two-thirds of the older instance.
Bonsai elm large
Dwarf conifer Araucaria
If you decide on an alternative to the cultivation of other tree crops, it is possible to use techniques that are skilled florists and designers. In a large container, they grow more than one plant, and once a couple, which complement each other. The main condition in this case - the same conditions required for cultivation, namely, moisture, temperature and soil quality. So well with each other are combined plants from one climatic region.
Bonsai Ficus benjamina
Can be considered a few options. For example, wood can be combined with the vine, for which it will be the main support. In another case, provided that the container is high enough, the tree can be supplemented hang-downing (hanging) varieties houseplants.
Dwarf flowering tree Loropetalum
Bonsai named Eugene
Conclusions and farewell
Grow dwarf trees in pots for the house interesting and exciting, with the proviso that this process you have enough free time. Otherwise, regardless of how many investment result is disappointing.
But we should not pre-configure itself to the sad result. Quite possibly, you become the owner of a chic indoor tree, which will boast not only you, but also your descendants in front of guests. It is only necessary to prepare in advance for long-term operation and of itself, and handy tools that will be needed when it is executed. Mainly there are scissors needed for periodic pruning. Her need to hold necessarily, otherwise the dwarf turned into a shapeless ugly monster. Trimming is required to expose not only the crown and the edges of the branches, but also the side shoots, leaves, needles and pins. In the need to feel a measure which in any case will come with experience.