Variants of a country house heating
The choice of heating system depends on the area of the house, as well as the availability of communications, allowing to choose the type of heating
To make a country or a country house was warm - one of the main tasks as the builders, so the owners of the houses. And if the first for this resort to thermal insulation of walls and floors, the master of the house solves this problem by installing a variety of heating devices and systems, including alternative to steam heating. Today, options for heating a country house - is:
- gas heating;
- heating by electricity;
- coal system.
Modern heating systems thanks to its design perfectly fit into your interior
Solar water heater will get hot water by absorbing solar radiation
Gas system or gas-fired boilers - are devices that help in using gas to heat the water and ensure its circulation throughout the house. It does not matter what type of gas you are using: liquefied or simple.
Electric heating - a best option, unlike gas. There are a large number of electrical systems. Their main advantage - low cost, ease of installation.
Technical progress allows controlled heating through mobile devices
Carbon systems are used in areas where more is simply not spent gas. Most often, it is the village and holiday villages. Coal system as the gas consist of boilers using solid fuel (coal).
In order to find out which of these options would be the most advantageous for you, we will tell about each of them in detail.
Gas heating in a private house
Gas heating has gained much popularity
Qualitatively warm up all the rooms in the house can gas system. Heating with gas at home - this is the burning of natural gas and converting it into heat energy, which allows uniformly heat all the rooms. This type of heating can be found more often than others, due to the fact that gas-fired boilers are not only easier to install compared to electric or coal, but also less expensive when using the terms of payment for energy. In addition, gas boilers, smaller in size, quiet and easy to operate.
Sheer gas heating system consists of a boiler and a gas coolant. Today, as a coolant it is common to use water. Gas-fired boilers, in turn, have several varieties:
Scheme dual-circuit heating system
Single-boilers allow only heat the room. Double-circuit - heat the house and warm running water.
Self heating, too, has several types. Warm up the house by using a liquefied gas or balloon using a gas main connection.
Boilers running on the cylinders require more expenses, since the gas will continue to run out. You will also need to constantly monitor the pressure in the boiler room.
Boilers running on the line, will be more environmentally friendly and productive.
Compact gas boiler installed in a cabinet hallway
For heating the house one way or another fit both of these types of boilers.
The principle of operation and components of the device
If there are many alternatives to gas remains out of competition by heating cheapness
Having understood that this gas system, is to talk about how it works.
And it works is simple: a gas boiler using a pipe system supplied with gas which is burned and converted into thermal energy. Further, by this energy heats the coolant, it - water. Hot water, already using a number of other tubes, distributed throughout the house and begins to warm it. That's all!
The structure of the gas-fired boiler
The whole system works thanks to the boiler, but rather the way it works. Main parts of the boiler:
- Gas burner for combustion;
- pipe for supplying gas;
- Pipes and tubes for supplying water;
- a chimney for the combustion of waste disposal.
Installation of equipment with their own hands
gas-fired boiler installation can be made with your own hands
Installation of gas systems in the private or in a country house and is possible without recourse to experts. Although, it should be noted that self-installation takes longer.
Installation of the system takes place in several stages, namely: preparation of documents (hydraulic calculation of the system, the final cost estimates, specifications boiler, radiator layout), budgeting, procurement of equipment, installation of the system and test the operation.
Before installing a gas boiler is necessary to coordinate the project with the gas service
The greatest part of the time it will take preparation of documents. Although once they are ready, everything goes much faster.
Boiler installation according to conduct gas service requirements and installation instructions.
Once you have set the boiler, invite gasman for meter installation and testing of the entire system.
gas service specialist in the final stage will set counter and check system
Remember! Installation of the equipment without the agreement threatens to fine.
gas heating system installation rules:
- Mount the boiler is located in a separate, non-residential premises. This is done for security purposes.
- Boiler room should be in the lower part of the building.
- There should be room ventilation.
- Regulations provide the maximum height of the boiler installation. Setting the above scheme may be secure.
- The chimney must be on the street. Also in the fume collection tube should be the compartment (pocket) for debris.
- Tubing sets with a slope of 1 cm per meter tube. This allows better quality water to circulate, it helps to avoid air pockets in the system.
For safety reasons, the boiler is best mounted in the non-residential premises
Although the installation options with their hands, and can save almost half of the total cost of the work, but if you are not confident in their abilities, use the wizards.
Before installing a gas boiler we recommend that you read this video:
Electric heating, variants with their own hands
Heating country house, country or private, with the help of electricity - not a legend. It's really possible. Use a gas boiler or fireplace for indoor heating is costly not only in terms of supplies, but also in terms of installation. Installation of the electrical equipment does not require additional heating tools, such as radiators, contours, chimneys.
Electric boiler has a lot of advantages over other types of heating
If you do not have time and money to build a fireplace or a collection of all the documents for a gas boiler, use one of the many types of electric heating.
Today, electric heating systems account for such subspecies:
- Electric boilers;
- Electric tubular shape;
- Warm floor;
- Electric heaters;
- Infrared heaters;
- Hot air system.
Electric boiler Aristo patented technology create the enamel coating and the addition of silver ions
Built boiler in kitchen interior hi-tech style
Now first things first. The best option of heating homes using electricity - the boiler. It, as well as gas, heats the water by means of thermal energy and distributes it throughout the house via a pipe system. Water circulation pumps are installed. There are also electrode boilers that conduct electricity through the liquid, usually antifreeze (antifreeze or other liquids of a special type).
The structure of the electric boiler
Next view - electric heating pipe-shaped. Working as a boiler, but require more attention during installation.
The structure of the pipe-shaped electric heater
Electric floor heating - a set of wires, installed on the base floor. When the supply of electricity wires are heated, the heat is spent on the floor and starts to climb up, spreading throughout the room.
Installing underfloor heating
Convectors look like conventional batteries. They are placed on the wall, and when connected, they begin to heat cold air and lift it up.
Convector heaters will warm the room for a short time
Infrared heaters - a lamp that convert electricity into heat energy flow through the quartz, which heats everything in its path. Installed on the ceiling or wall. Quartz lamps can be adjusted.
Infrared heaters are used due to their effectiveness, even on the open terraces
Last, the best option home heating with electricity, - heaters. Such systems are mobile and act as an additional device for heating. It's a cross between the convector and the infrared heater.
Heaters are very effective but highly indoor air is dried
Coal system, as an alternative type of heating are used to this day. This is due to the fact that today in some areas there is still no gas provision, so you have to go back to a tried and ancient methods. Coal system today is somewhat reminiscent of the old Russian oven. It is necessary to constantly throw fuel, namely coal, and also needs to be cleaned.
Coal heating in great demand in the private sector, where there is no gas provision
True, the stove a little improved. Now she not only warms the air next to him, but also all over the house. This is due to the boiler and radiator system.
Solid fuel boiler acts as a transformer, which accumulates and distributes the heat energy to the radiators. Radiators, in turn warm the air. Heat is transferred by means of circulating pumps.
Modern coal-fired heating systems are very modified
Water heated in the fuel system, transfers thermal energy to the radiators
Although the system and has a small number of disadvantages, such as planting materials, parts cleaning and uneven combustion of the fuel, they overlap a large range of advantages. Among the advantages of solid-fuel systems:
- high heat;
- a large gap between the tabs of fuel.
Coal heating is economical and easy to use
Versatility is that coal boiler can work on a large number of materials, in addition to coal. Among them are: wood, coal, household trash, briquettes. In this case no damage to the boiler will not.
Due to the low cost of materials heating costs two or three times cheaper than natural gas. You can also use the free materials: household waste, sawdust, dry leaves.
As raw materials, even household dust can be used for solid fuel heating systems, sawdust and dry leaves
Easy to use: fuel laid, closed and forgotten.
The solid materials are completely burned in the furnace and provide maximum heat transfer.
One portion of consumables can last for 3-5 days. The exact number of days depending on the quality and type of coal or other fuel.
Workflow coal-fired boiler
The operating principle of the solid fuel boiler
So, how does the system of coal? To start, the fuel is filled into the container. The container can reach 500-600 liters in volume. After laying the boiler is made, fuel is ignited.
The structure of the solid fuel boiler for pellets
Further, in the combustion chamber by means of a special pipe fed little air. It will provide the temperature necessary for complete combustion of the total material. Often the tube is located on top of the boiler.
Scheme solid fuel boiler installation
When the material begins to burn, the heat is transferred to the heat exchanger. From it, through a system of pipes and pumps for circulating air, the heat will spread to all the installed radiator.
Selection and counting of coal costs
When using solid fuel heating systems must purchase beforehand to conduct
For solid fuel boilers can use these types of coal fuel:
- brown coal;
Types of coal for coal-fired boiler
Lignite has the highest heat output and lowest consumption. Wood charcoal is much worse in this respect. Coal is as good as the brown. He, however, in turn, has several subtypes: anthracite, gas and long-flaming. And long-flame gas coal using require additional ventilation, so-called secondary air. This is due to the fact that during combustion they emit smoke and gas. Anthracite does not possess these qualities, and therefore better suited for heating a country house or cottage.
Fuel consumption depends 2 factors: the season and type of coal. For example, for heating anthracite home in September for 3 days, you will need 60 kg of coal.
In January - 560 kg. But in March and April - about 120 kg.
Solid fuel boilers are easy to install
At first glance the figures may seem huge, but try to imagine what would have to carry all this coal could even frighten the brave. Do not despair, do not forget that the capacity of the boiler - 500 liters, and the usual bucket can hold up to 20 kilograms of coal.
Selecting the coal system, you not only save, but also to get maximum heat regardless of the season.
With automatic temperature control your heating system will be much more economical
Driving combined heating private houses
Uniquely identify the best heating system is not possible, as each of them is unique and is designed for a particular type of buildings, living conditions and material well-being of people. To choose which system is best suited for your home, of course, you.
With proper selection of the type of heating system, as well as its configuration, in your home will always be warm and cozy