The first fresh and bright spring flowers
Perhaps no other plants do not cause so much emotion, as the first spring flowers. Spring teases first truly warm sunshine, the first thawed and timid streams, but it appeared primroses, these small but very bold plants say the final arrival of spring.
Put at primroses and they will delight you with its colors after cold winter
Perhaps primroses not happy with a particular richness of colors or the duration of flowering, but almost all of them - a very undemanding in care. It is important only in the autumn to pick up for them the right place to land. Primroses (as bulbs and rhizome) prefer a place with good light and moist soil, but without stagnation of water. If bulbous primroses that they have pleased the flowering of spring, should be planted in the autumn of (exception - hyacinths and crocus), the hellebore, or lungwort can be planted in the spring. Plant primroses should be planted with perennials in the company, which will replace them after flowering.
Let us consider what the first flowers will fill the garden blooms after hibernation.
Beautiful and delicate snowdrop
Another name - Galanthus. Very cold-resistant plant that appearing in the garden, just the snow melted. In spring it blooms one of the first, even the cold can not severely damage the blooms.
Snowdrop, as well as other kinds of melkolukovichnyh not picky about soil, but prefers loose, moist, fertile soil, well-drained, with stagnant water bulb dies. The best place to land - under the trees, under bushes, which in early spring do not create dense shade. Watering is required only if the winter was little snow, and spring - very dry. Snowdrop - ephemeroid, aboveground part of the plant dies after non-durable vegetative period. Multiply - bulbs, the children, the best time for grafting - July-September.
Snowdrops do not require special care, but look very nice
Rare pink snowdrops
Still other flowers, which many associate with spring, although considered to be residents of the forest, where flowering Scilla Difolia form on clearings sky-blue lakes. But these spring primroses will find its place in the garden - in rockeries, Alpine hills. Superbly will look blue Scilla Difolia on the lawn among the still leafless trees and bushes.
The most famous among us Siberian squill - it blooms in late March, it is easily recognized by a piercing blue bell-shaped flowers. But varietal types much more diverse - they can be white, blue, purple or even pale pink.
Proleski - the same snowdrops only with blue flowers
The sea of Scilla
Proleski - a bulbous perennials, nekapriznye and separate plants, the best place for that would be the canopy of an orchard, with a loose and fertile enough ground. They are great as a breed self-seeding, and by dividing the bulbs can grow comfortably for decades on one and the same place. Winterhardiness enough, but the best place for the winter, where they grow to cover an armful of leaves.
Kraisivye bright yellow crocus
Not even open and the snow crocus look bright and beautiful
The first (it may even be the end of February) bloom botanical species, and later - in April - many hybrids crocuses. The best thing crocuses look in the group - from that of bright colors become even more expressive and more noticeable. It is possible to combine different types of crocus, and combine them with other primroses. Particularly effective crocuses look at the background of stones, decorative looks gentle contrast of colors and boulders stringent, which is why they always spring flowers are planted in rockeries and stony hills. Perfectly crocuses look on lawn, but keep in mind that start to mow the grass will be possible only after the complete decay of the leaves.
Spring, the crocus are planted in the fall, at the same time they are well feel like the sun and in the shade, but full sun is abundant flowering, and flowers - more brightly. As well as other bulbs, they prefer loose and permeable soil with stagnant water rot bulbs.
Colorful meadow of crocuses
Care - the minimum, there is no need to dig up crocus annually for the winter. Faded flowers are removed so they do not spoil the beauty of the composition. In winter, the locus thereof can zamulchirovat leaves or compost. Propagated crocus, as well as other bulbs, child processes, onions - planting one, 2-3 years at this place there their dense nest.
Tip! Want to crocuses bloom early - dropped them on the most sunny place, where the snow melts first.
Bright iridodiktium also refers to Primrose
Lush iridodiktium lilac
These flowers are called irises-snowdrops, they bloom in early spring, as soon as snow will descend. It is frost-hardy bulbous perennials, although in appearance they resemble conventional iris. They are low, but it is very attractive and elegant, with bright colors of the original color (pale blue, violet, blue, cyan, magenta, red, orange) with a diameter of 5 to 7 cm, with a fancy patterns of spots and stripes on the petals. Due to its small (10 cm), they are ideal for the growth of rocky gardens, at the time of flowering (March-April), they make excellent company for other bulbs. On the lawn it is better to plant a group in a single planting, he will be too inconspicuous.
Care iridodiktiumom almost completely repeats care of tulips. They like light, well-drained, fertile soil, but most importantly - they are very sun-loving, it is very important to consider when choosing a place to land. The summer is better to dig the bulbs, the main feature for this - leaves begin to wither away. Planted them simultaneously with tulips in the early autumn. The best method of propagation - vegetative, one adult bulbs usually gives 1-2 replacement.
Sun flowers in the snow
The origin of the name - translated from the Latin name - Eranthis (Erantis), which means "spring" and "flower". Often this is the very first spring flowers, which are ahead of even frost snowdrops. Single color (yellow, cup-shaped, not more than 3 cm in diameter) sometimes make their way through the snow, accompanied by elegant bronze-green leaves. Flowering lasts for about 2 weeks.
Small yellow flowers can decorate your garden
Bright ERANTHIS in last year's dry leaves
These small plants are best planted in groups - so they look much more spectacular, with the good company they will make the early bulbs - snowdrops, crocuses or iridodiktiumy. The best place for their planting - a deciduous shrub or tree, in the penumbra, soil - light, non-acidic, feed, sufficiently moist (contraindicated as the stagnation of water and drought). Propagation - by seeds, the bloom will come only in the third year after planting, then good enough breeds self-seeding.
Other titles - "Christ flower" or "Rozhdestvenskaya Roza", according to legend, this is the flower brought a gift to the newborn Jesus, the shepherds of Bethlehem. In the Middle Ages hellebore necessarily planted near the house, it was believed that it protects against evil spirits, witchcraft and the evil eye.
Frost - an evergreen perennial rhizome blooming in early spring, before it begin to delight flowering snowdrops and crocuses, and the plant itself is easy to tolerate frosts to -6S. Flowers can be very diverse - white, burgundy, yellow with a green tint, dark red, peach, etc.
Hellebore gently pink color
Frost - one of the most beautiful spring flowers
Hellebore is not particularly picky about soil, but it is better to choose a place with a loose, moist, well-drained soil. Prefers partial shade, well put him under an apple tree - its leaves are a natural mulch, which will not only improve soil fertility but also provide nutrients hellebore.
Tip! When choosing a place to plant hellebore, it should be noted that the plant is very sensitive to frequent transplanting, but in one place will thrive 10 years.
Propagated by seeds hellebore (flowering occurs at 3 years), but most of all - by dividing the bush.
Standard flower muscari has a shade of blue to white
Japanese muscari has a pink color
Other names - murine hyacinth or muscari - bulbous perennial, very unpretentious, but very fast growing plants. Plant can be in the sun and in partial shade, under bushes, soil - with good water permeability, the bulbs do not tolerate wet. Flowers from white to dark blue (depending on the species), collected in dense inflorescences (racemes or apical) up to 8 cm. Early flowering species begins in April, lasts 2-3 weeks, after the foliage dies, so be take care of the flowers that will come to replace them.
Tip! These bulbs quite aggressive, so if you decide just to experiment, it is best to plant them in special containers - otherwise withdraw them from the site will be very problematic.
Forest anemone belogotsveta
Anemone dostadochno too bright and beautiful flower
Another name - anemone, but if we talk about the early species, it is - anemone lyutichnaya or Dubravnaya. In this case, the last often called "podsnezhnikovoy" as of early flowering and for the white flowers. The trees are just starting to swell the kidney, and the anemone Dubravnaya space covers solid white carpet.
Anemone can be of different colors
The culture conditions, anemones Dubravnaya height stems and flower size is greatly increased. The flower will look beautiful against the backdrop of spiraea and dwarf barberry, emphasizing the delicate beauty of spring foliage. For planting anemones have to pick the moist, alkaline, humus-rich soil, but nekapriznaya anemone adapts well to any environment. The best time for reproduction - early spring, it is carried out by dividing the rhizomes. Anemone Dubravnaya - plant with a creeping rhizome, located in the upper layer of soil, so in winter it is desirable to hide, except when severe frosts may perish all flower buds, laying the fall.
Primula looks good in stones
Primula due to its colors will always look bright and rosy
Primrose can be planted both on site and in pots
Our review will be incomplete without these relatively undemanding plant with more than 550 species. The earliest of them bloom in April, but they are attracted by the fact that in some species and may re-bloom in early autumn. By the early-flowering varieties are primrose spring (ram) and Primula vulgaris. For a lush flowering, immediately after the snow melts, when loosening the soil, it is recommended to make nitrogen fertilizers, and at the beginning of flowering - phosphorus. Suitable for planting well-drained, moist soil. When planting it is important to take into account the humidity mode - the soil should be kept moist, but water should not stagnate. The most effective method of reproduction - by dividing the bush, which is carried out with the onset of dormancy (beginning of June), after the end of flowering.
Tip! To prolong flowering primroses, you must remove the faded flower stalks have to plant not to spend reserves of nutrients in the ripening seed.
Bright spring flowers in the garden
Many of primroses can be planted in the soil at the site, as well as in pots, which also can decorate your garden
Alley of bright spring flowers