Species and varieties
stromanta plant belongs to the family of marantaceae and has up to 13 species in the nature, but to grow in the home best suited two types.
Stromanta will serve as a wonderful decoration of your landscape
The pot is best to take root:
- Stromanta pleasant. It grows to a height of 35 cm, different beautiful leaves a wide ovals correct form 15-20 cm in length. Their total light green color, the upper portion of the sheet is covered with dark green stripes, which extend symmetrically from veins, located at the center and extend along the edge of the lateral veins. The bottom leaves are gray-green.
- Stromanta bloody. This flower is delivered from the hot Brazil, it is characterized by larger dimensions than stromanta pleasant adult plant can reach a height of 1 m. The leaves have a narrow oval shape in the form of an arrowhead. Their length is 20-40 cm, width 10 cm, the upper part of the sheet has a green color with a variegated dark green stripes, bottom - blood-red hue for which it was given the name.
Variety called "bloody" because of its brightness is very popular
Due to differences in shades set on top of the sheet flower divided into three classes:
- Tricolor - lower side red, the top figure is three shades: dark green overall tone strips of pale green and pale pink flowers;
- multicolor - a plate of sheet spotty or divorce light green and white colors on a dark green background;
- Triostar - stains on the upper side of the dark-green leaf white-pink;
Magnificent Triostar with white and pink leaves
- Maroun - burgundy bottom, central part of the leaf is light green wire.
The most popular types - stromanta pleasant and Triostar grade at stromanty bloody. The latter is very fond of the designers, as possessing an unusual shade, he plays with juicy interior.
Care at home
Despite the fact that stromanta plant in care simplicity leads among exotic indoor plants, its cultivation is characterized by some nuances.
During flowering bright red flowers
What should not be:
- temperature changes, it should be stable not less than 18 degrees;
- direct sunlight, because their leaves are reduced in size and lose brightness of color;
- Irrigation cold water can chill the roots;
- constantly wet soil, the root system can rot.
Stromanta to please you for a long time, in the care of it is necessary to consider some nuances
The conditions necessary for the normal life of the plant:
- specific humidity - dry air can eventually kill the plant, will begin all with drying leaf tips, and ended with the death of all the flower;
- scattered, but enough light;
- if using artificial lights, it must be supported by not less than 16 hours a day;
- accommodation in a place sheltered from drafts;
- only need to be watered when dry topsoil;
- water during watering must be defended and warm;
- daily spraying of the leaves;
- a pot, as stromanta tends to grow rapidly;
- moderate fertilization - a flower can not tolerate excess nutrients, so use the drugs better at half the dosage is not more than 2 times per month during the period from spring to autumn.
Flowering bush stromanty bloody
With proper care, some varieties reach a decent size. When grown at home for the growth of the root system just need to pick up a wide pots
Tip! to maintain the desired level of humidity is best to use special florariumy or terrariums. They can be found in stores specializing in the sale of house plants.
How to propagate and replant
Propagated stromanta 2 ways:
- Division. The plant is carefully removed from the pot, and then separated from it by hand, new shoots, which already has its roots. They are transplanted into a mixture of peat and sand, creating a mini-greenhouse, where they are as long as until the first young leaves.
Reproduction method fission
- Cutting. Cut off from the top of 10 cm so that they were 2-3 leaf, placed in water, covered with polythene until roots appear. After the appearance of the root cuttings are planted in new pots.
To better understand the process of propagation and transplanting, it makes sense to look at this process in the photo and video tutorials.
Tip! one of the important conditions for normal life stromanty - good drainage, but because in a pot worth triple the drainage layer 3-5 cm soil should be slightly acidic and nutrient measure to abuse fertilizers it is impossible..
To the roots do not rot, the plant needs drainage
- Time. Young plants are transplanted each spring, adults - once in three years.
- Earth. The soil should be peat.
Tip! experienced growers recommend to do a mixture of 1 part of crushed charcoal, 2 parts sand, 2 parts turf and 2 parts peat.
- Pot. Capacity has to be high, as the flower differs strongly developed root system.
Stromanta look great among other plants to your landscape
One of the most frequent questions in the care of stromantoy - why dry leaf tips. This can be caused by three reasons:
- dry air - it is necessary to provide the desired level of humidity, often spray, place the pot in a tray on the bottom which we must put a wet sphagnum moss.
- Direct sunlight - it is necessary to immediately move the flower.
- spider mite - the leaves should be washed with mild soap and treat with a special compound, it is sold in specialty stores.
Too bright lighting can cause drying of leaf tips
With this flower, you can make out the exotic landscape style
The second most frequent question about diseases stromanty - why stem wither?
This is due to overflow or low temperature at a high humidity, it is necessary to provide heat and treat the affected areas fungicide.
A few more problems and their solutions:
- leaves turn yellow - an excess of sunlight, an urgent need to move in a dark place;
- leaves covered with spots and curl - the lack of irrigation, it is necessary to increase;
- slowed growth - the root of the problem may be any of the factors: dry air, mite, sunlight. Alternately, remove one of them and find out if the movement does not work in a dark place, more frequent spraying, then it's time to check the flowers for the presence of pests;
- bending stems in different directions or folding sheets in rolls - cold or too dry soil, it is necessary to regulate the temperature and watering;
- edges of leaves turn yellow or brown - trouble with dressing - the lack or excess of nutrients, it is necessary to adjust;
- plaque formation, similar to wool - a floury mite. Affected areas to be treated with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol, severely damaged parts of the plant are removed, treated parts are rinsed with clean warm water.
A pleasant surprise
If you properly care for stromantoy and carefully follow all the rules, satisfying her whims, you can find one that is this "lady" gave you flowers. This is not a lush roses, but it is quite interesting lovely inflorescence, consisting of white flowers with orange sepals. However, professional growers say that this phenomenon occurs very rarely, and even if you have waited such a miracle, it means that you do not just have a good performing their duty of care, and only just did live in perfect harmony.
Achieve flowering stromanty relatively easy, it is infrequent
Ah, these legends
It is believed that the presence in the house stromanty helps people who suffer from insomnia. Of course, this is not scientifically proven hypothesis, but what is surprising is that the majority of the holders of the striped beauty indicated that their sleep quality is really improved for unexplained reasons. According to another version of the esoteric stromanta activates energy and self-confidence, it is also not the unquestionable truth, but who knows, maybe this flower and rewards us in gratitude for the fulfillment of all moods.
This decorative flower got a reputation of excellent remedies for insomnia. Try it and you move the pot from her bedroom
Stromanta - an exotic beauty that instantly attracts attention, so it is a welcome guest in any house. Apart from the fact that its bright colors she picks us up, this flower gives another useful skill - we are becoming more organized and learned the basics of elementary self-discipline. Already only for this moment worth trying to grow in their obstinate stromantu and get her friendly flowering.