Air purifiers for home - are devices by which you can keep the air in the house fresh and clean
If you are wondering "how the air purifier for apartments to choose?", Then you have really represent all the trouble that causes brown air. In this case, it should be noted that the level of air pollution in the room directly in the 3-10 times higher than on the street. Headaches, allergic reactions, weakened immune system - all these are signs that you need to buy an air purifier.
- Types of air purifiers
mechanical air cleaner
electrostatic air cleaner
photocatalytic air purifier
- How to choose an air purifier: the purpose and functionality
Types of air purifiers
The principle of operation of any cleaner is quite simple - the air blowing fan, passed through a filter system and purified. Thus directly the air filtering process by different methods can be organized.
Each air purifier is designed for a specific area of the room, so it is important to determine the size of the room
mechanical air cleaner
The larger the filter, the more efficient the device works
Due to the simplicity of technology, the most common type of air cleaner, wherein the dirty air is passed through a filter combination. Initially, air is passed through a coarse filter (preview), which retains the larger particles - large dust, hair, wool, poplar fluff. Typically, the filter element using a thin foam rubber or plastic mesh. They periodically enough (every two weeks) wash or vacuum to restore the effectiveness of their treatment.
How many treatment technologies using selected model air purifier will depend on its cost
After pre-cleaning air is passed through a fine filter, which can trap small particles of dust, particularly harmful for human health. For these purposes, several types of filters can be used:
- HEPA filter - is capable of catching the nano-particles of dirt, as well as allergies pathogens, bacteria and fungal spores. Use of the HEPA filter allows to obtain qualitatively purified air (absorption 99.8% contaminants), suitable for asthmatics, allergic and young children
Air with HEPA-filters - are removed from the air the smallest speck
- charcoal filter - it is used a special type of activated carbon in which various impurities are retained (deposited) in microscopic capillary channels disposed on the coal surface. Furthermore, the carbon filter can effectively suppress unpleasant odor absorbing chemicals volatiles or smoke.
If the waste does not scare you, you can safely choose air cleaners with filters, they have the highest level of air purification, as several air purification steps, in any case better
Tip! High-quality pre-filter air purifier can significantly increase the service life of fine filters.
electrostatic air cleaner
Be sure to see that the air cleaner has a function of ionization
The basis of his work laid the Coulomb law - ionized air (oxygen molecule, attaching a free electron, ion becomes negatively charged particle) moves and interacts with the dust particles, giving them a part of the charge. Receiving an electric charge, dust particles are attracted to the plates having the opposite potential. Cleaner-ioniser to effectively clear the air of tobacco smoke and soot, fine dust. Even in small concentrations, ozone is capable of performing bactericidal function obezzarazhivaya air from bacteria, viruses and toxins. In addition, ozone oxidizes pesticides and phenolic resin. Air ionization reduces fatigue, increases immunity and operability improves overall health.
Optimally, the air purifier always worked, and the air in the room was always clean
The advantages of air purifiers - ionizers include the lack of consumables, low noise, and low (to more than 40 W) power level.
Washings air - purified air with water and simultaneously humidify it
Their operation principle is based on a water filtering, in which air is passed through the "water bath" or steam curtain (dust). Interacting with water, dirt from the air wet, heavier and falls into the tray, and the room comes not only clean, but also further humidified air, which positively affects the well-being and health.
To combat air cleaning tobacco smoke less effective because do not have time to grab most of the smoke is rapidly rising up, and the water itself is not as effective on smoke
Tip! Moika air is recommended to buy the owners of furniture and wall panels made of solid wood - to maintain optimum moisture will prevent tree from the cracks of and cracking.
If additional costs are a burden to you, then choose besfiltrovye air purifiers: air purifiers - ionizers, ozonizers, photocatalytic, electrostatic (plasma), air cleaning
Air purifier humectant can further be equipped with HEPA filters and air ionizatoroami, resulting in consumer receives real climatic complex. Sinks are attracted by the fact that they do not have replacement filters (their role is performed by the water), and ease of care. Of the negative moments it should be noted the high cost, the need quite frequently (once a day) to change the water, and also, due to the presence of moving parts, a relatively high noise level.
photocatalytic air purifier
If you want to work around the clock air cleaner, and actual savings for you, choose an air purifier with low power consumption
Today - the best air purifier, but at the same time - it is also the most expensive. Ultraviolet light incident on the surface of the catalyst (usually - titanium dioxide) causes the formation of powerful natural oxidants. Interacting with the pollutants in the air, they cleave them safe simple substances - oxygen, carbon dioxide and water. This technology is simple, safe and effective, while the air purifier itself does not require special care - is simply vacuum the filter every six months. Consumables - light, however, will have to change it every 1-3 years.
UV lamps are more Disinfection: kill harmful bacteria and fungi in the air
If we talk about the shortcomings, the main minus photocatalytic air purifier - the need to install additional filters to capture the mechanical impurities (wool, hair, pollen), so they are often combined with carbon or HEPA filters. In addition, compared to other air cleaners, they have a high (65-85 W) power level.
Choose an air cleaner with a night mode of operation having a reduced noise level, or the general noiseless
How to choose an air purifier: the purpose and functionality
Many air cleaners effectively clean the air when installed on a certain distance from the wall, usually 10-50 cm, it is also necessary to take into account when choosing the installation location of the device
The main characteristic in choosing the air purifier is its performance, it must slightly exceed the volume of the room. The second important point - what are the main problems to be solved:
- combating allergens - optimal for an air purifier rallergikov should include a HEPA filter that traps 99.98% to foreign impurities contained in the air. Further efficacy follow the air wash (95%) and electrostatic (90%) purifiers
- tobacco smoke, dust fungus, mold - it is best to cope with them ionizers cleaners them - Photocatalytic
- odor control - fumes, exhaust fumes, kitchen smells most effectively neutralize catalytic purifiers, slightly worse than cope purifiers with activated carbon filter and electrostatic
- dust control - with onovnom purpose air purifier is best to cope catalytic purifiers for their efficacy follow cleaners with HEPA filters and electrostatic
There are plenty of air cleaning technologies, each of which solves some problems better than others
An important parameter - power power consumption, especially if you plan to use an air purifier constantly, here the undisputed leader - a cleaner-ioniser.
Next - ease of care. The least comfortable - air cleaning, they need your attention on a daily basis (replacement water). Less demanding electrostatic (once a week is necessary to clean the plate). HEPA filters have to be changed every few months, but it will have much to spend. The most convenient looks photocatalytic air purifier with the semi-annual service intervals.
Choosing a sink of air or an air-humidifier - remember that in them you have to change the water every three days and add water when it's over
An important point - the functionality of the device, which in addition to cleaning air, can carry out its ionization, moisturizing or aromatization. We can also add the presence of the remote control, built-in clock / sensors, etc. It is worth considering that each additional function affects the increase in the unit cost.
The remote control will greatly facilitate the control of air cleaner
Rated air purifiers led products, Daikin, Boneco, Electrolux, Venta. A consumer reviews say the best model:
- Daikin MC70L - Multifunctional air purifier with photocatalytic filter
- AirComfort XJ-210 - budget option air purifier with photocatalytic filter small (15 m2) Improvement
- Boneco P2261 - thick (60 m2 room) combined with an air cleaner (HEPA, carbon, photocatalyst) filtration
- Daikin MC707VM - air cleaner with multi-stage filter for rooms to 50 m2
- Boneco Air-O-Swiss 2055D - air purifier humectant
Boneco Air-O-Swiss 2055D
- Panasonic F-VXF70 - cleaner air for asthmatics
How do air purifiers and how to choose the right model - see video